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1820 Settler Party : Clark



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Party  Clark 
Leader  William Clark 
Number in the Party  88 
Area Party originated from  London, England 
Area allocated to the party  Collingham on the Botha's River, and at the Clay Pits 
Ship  Northampton,    
Surnames in party  Blakemore, Box, Brown, Buckingham, Campbell, Cane, Charlsley, Clark, Cummins, Davis, Dawson, Denham, Desert, Durrand, Evans, Fancutt, Fell, Foss, Fulton, Goulding, Harrison, Harvey, Haugh, Heartrell, Holliday, Honey, Mainman, Marshall, Parrymore, Reynolds, Robertshaw, Saunders, Stubbs, Taylor, Thorn, Unknown, Warner, Webb, Wentworth, West, White, Whitfield, Williams, Wills, Wood
Other Information  Divided from Mahoney's London party in "Northampton" 88 persons were led by Surgeon William CLARK. They were located at the source of Botha's River, the location being named Collingham. A subdivision of 13 of them shortly left for the Clay Pits on the Coombs River.
 
Settler Handbook Content:   No. 6 on the Colonial Department list, led by William Clark, a surgeon of 19 Nelson Street, Commercial Road, London. After entering his name on the list of Bailie's party, he approached the Colonial Department for an official appointment as surgeon in the new settlement at the Cape, and when that was refused he applied for permission to take out a joint-stock party of 33 men and their families (none of whose names appeared in the final sailing list). Clark then arranged to include under his direction a group of young men from the Refuge for the Destitute in Hoxton, London, which supplied their outfits and paid their deposits. The party was accepted on the recommendation of the Governor of the Refuge for the Destitute, Robert Crosby, and deposits were paid for 31 men.


John Brown, who described himself as 'fisherman and trader', and John Stubbs, an 'agriculturist' of 48 Kenton Street, Bloomsbury, London, joint leaders of a proprietary party, joined forces with Clark after their own application had been refused and many of Clark's people had dropped out. Clark's party as it was finally constituted comprised William Clark as the nominal head; nine independent settlers, mostly married men with families (Harvey, Haugh, Honey, John and Henry Marshall, Taylor, Wentworth, Richard and John White), who had paid their own deposits; 11 men and a boy in service to Clark, some or all of them sponsored by the Refuge for the Indigent; and Brown and Stubbs with eight men and an orphan lad under indenture. Four other men who had engaged to emigrate with Brown and Stubbs eventually joined the party led by Charles Dalgairns which sailed in the same ship. As far as is known, the whole party was recruited in London.


Clark's party embarked at Deptford in the regular freight ship Northampton, which sailed from Gravesend on 13 December 1819, arriving in Table Bay on 26 March 1820 and Algoa Bay on 30 April. The two divisions of the party separated after landing: Clark's division was located at the source of Botha's River, and named the location Collingham; Brown and Stubbs were located at the Clay Pits, north-east of the Kap River.


LIST OF CLARK'S DIVISION


BOX, John 29.

CHARLSLEY, Edward 18. Labourer.

CLARK, William 25. Surgeon. w Catherine Eliza 27.

DAWSON, James 18. Tailor

DESERT, James 30. Silk weaver.

EVANS, James 32. Labourer. w Mary 30.

FULTON, William 18. Labourer.

GOULDING, John 18. Nailmaker.

HARVEY, Richard 40. w Sarah 36. c Sarah 13, Elizabeth 11, Mary Ann 9, Job 4, Ruth 2, John.

HAUGH, John 39. Cowkeeper and grazier. w Elizabeth 40.

HOLLIDAY, Charles 14 (servant to William Clark).

HONEY, Jeremiah 36. Farmer. w Ann 30. c Sarah 10, Elizabeth 8, Ann Webb 5, Cordelia 3 (died at sea), Frances (born at sea).

MARSHALL, Henry 28. Silversmith. w Mary 24. c Henry 3, Mary Ann 1, James Northampton (born at sea).

MARSHALL, John 40. Gardener.

PARRYMORE, Thomas 18. Shoemaker.

ROBERTSHAW, William 18. Labourer.

TAYLOR, John 38. Shopkeeper. w Mary 40. c John Walton 8.

THORN, George 28. Farmer.

WENTWORTH, William 35. Carpenter. w Frances Maria 24. c William 13.

WHITE, John 18. Ropemaker.

WHITE, Richard 40. Merchant and ropemaker.

WILLIAMS, Isaac 18. Shoemaker.


LIST OF BROWN'S AND STUBBS' DIVISION


BLAKEMORE, George 33. Farmer. w Sarah 34. c Mary Ann 9, Elizabeth 5, Harriet 1.

BROWN, John 28. Fisherman and trader. w Ann 25. c Elizabeth 4, Ann 2.

DAVIS, David 40. Smith. c David 16.

DENHAM, William 31. Labourer. w Sarah 32. c George 3.

FANCUTT, Thomas 28. Husbandman. w Ann 32. c Louisa 11, Thomas 9.

HARRISON, William 34. Farmer and butcher.

MAINMAN, Thomas 25. Labourer.

SAUNDERS, John 36. Gardener. w Ann 3. c John 9, Thomas 4.

STUBBS, John 35. Agriculturist. w Ann 34. c Elizabeth 13, John 12, Thomas 10, William 6, Ellen 3, Richard 1.

WARNER, Ebenezer 28. Husbandman. w Louisa 28. c Thomas 10, William 4.

WHITFIELD, Charlotte 23 (listed as Charlotte Brown).


*FOSS, Thomas.

*REYNOLDS, Robert. Wheelwright.

*WEST, Thomas.

*WOOD, Daniel. Butcher.


Main sources for party list


Agent of Transports' List of persons belonging to Mr Clark's party embarked on board the Northampton (Cape Archives CO 136); Special Commissioner W Hayward's notes (Cape Archives CO 8542); Reminiscences of Thomas Stubbs, ed WA Maxwell and RT McGeogh (Cape Town, AA Balkema, 1978).


A young woman who was entered in the sailing list as John Brown's sister, Charlotte Brown, is believed to have been Charlotte Whitfield, who settled near Brown at the Clay Pits and bore him five children between 1822 and 1829.


The names of the nine independent settlers of Clark's division are confirmed in Special Commissioner Hayward's notes, but the list of Brown's and Stubbs' settlers is known to be inaccurate and incomplete. Major George Pigot complained to the Colonial Department that the naval authorites at Deptford would not allow any person whose name was not on the official list to board the Northampton and he obtained the Department's sanction to admit substitutes in place of last minute withdrawals from his party. Brown and Stubbs were less influential than Pigot and desperate to emigrate, and substitutes in their party appear to have travelled under the name of the people they replaced, rather than risk rejection by bringing the changes to the notice of the authorities. No mention has been traced in colonial records of David Davis snr and jnr, Harrison and Saunders, other than their names in the sailing list, and it is possible that they did not emigrate.


*It is known from Thomas Stubbs' reminiscences that his father's party included three men, Tom Foss, Robert Reynolds and Daniel Wood, a butcher; an orphan lad of about 15, Tom West; and an 18-year-old maidservant, whose names do not appear on any list and who must be presumed to have joined the party as replacements for late withdrawals.


Further reading

Reminiscences of Thomas Stubbs, ed WA Maxwell and RT McGeogh (Cape Town, AA Balkema, 1978);
Journals of Sophia Pigot, ed Margaret Rainier (Cape Town, AA Balkema, 1974).
This includes an account of the Northampton's voyage.


from THE SETTLER HANDBOOK by MD Nash page 59 


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