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1820 Settler Party : Campbell, C



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Party  Campbell, C 
Leader  Gen. Charles Campbell 
Number in the Party  50 
Area Party originated from  Argyll, Scotland 
Area allocated to the party  Barville Park, at Rietfontein on the Kasouga River 
Ship  Salisbury,    
Surnames in party  Aigton, Anderson, Andrews, Brady, Broadbent, Campbell, Campbell, Collett, Field, Fisher, Garcia, Leigh, Lucas, Messer, Mills, Norris, Philipson, Phillips, Power, Richards, Scott, Sharp, Stanborough, Talbot, Ungell, Unknown, Wead, Whybrow
Other Information  General Charles CAMPBELL arranged with 47 persons, mainly in Argyll, for the emigration. A division of 13 of these, led by Cypress MESSER, sailed in "Mary Ann Sophia". They were located on an arm of the Kasouga River, the location being named Barville Park. They were followed by 17 others in "Dowson". General CAMPBELL brought 18 in "Salisbury" in 1821. He died shortly after arrival and Cypress MESSER took charge. The party had dispersed by 1825 and the location was granted to Mary, widow of General CAMPBELL.
 
Settler Handbook Content:   Directed by Major-General Charles Collins Campbell of 3 Durham Place, Lambeth (now part of Greater London), a former Commander of the Forces in Newfoundland. General Campbell had nine children from his second marriage and a young family by his third wife, whom he had married in Newfoundland in 1816.


After initially proposing that he should emigrate at the head of a volunteer regiment of infantry, to guard the settlers against 'the hostile irruptions of the natives', General Campbell undertook to take 100 families to the Cape at his own expense. He agreed to pay all the costs of transporting and locating his settlers, and was to receive no assistance from government other than a grant of land in the proportion of 100 acres for every able-bodied man. This party fell outside the terms of the emigration scheme, but an extensive area of land was reserved for it within the Albany settlement.


An advance party of seven men, with Campbell's bailiff Cypress Messer in charge, sailed for the Cape in the Mary Ann Sophia in January 1820 and was sent on to Algoa Bay in the Sir George Osborn. Their instructions were to build a house for the General and begin cultivation. They were followed in June by a second small aprty, which included at least one of General Campbell's sons, in the Dowson. General Campbell himself, with his wife and younger children and a final contingent of seven settlers, left the Downs on 14 August 1821 in the Salisbury, which arrived in Table Bay on 8 December.


The party was located on a 10 000-acre estate at Rietfontein, on an arm of the Kasouga River. The location was named Barville Park. General Campbell died in May 1822, and since the promised large number of settlers had not materialised, a portion only of the location was granted to his widow.


LIST OF CHARLES CAMPBELL'S PARTY


By the Mary Ann Sophia:

ANDERSON, William. Labourer.

MESSER, Cypress 60. Shipwright (General Campbell's agent).

PHILIPSON, William. Mason.

SHARP, Henry.

STANBOROUGH, Thomas.

TALBOT, John.

WEAD, William.


By the Dowson:

CAMPBELL, Ambrose George 21. Surgeon.

FISHER, William.

GARCIA, Maurice 31.

LUCAS, Philip 44. w Isabella. c Frederick 17, a daughter.

LUCAS, Philip William 19.

MILLS, Ely 25.

POWER, William.

SCOTT, Henry.

UNGELL, Thomas.


*CAMPBELL, Charles 24.

*CAMPBELL, Henry 23.

*LUCAS, Charles 32. w Elizabeth.


*The Colonial Department's list of this party includes General Campbell's two eldest sons, Charles and Henry, but it is not known whether they actually sailed. E Morse Jones lists Charles Lucas, aged 32, and his wife Elizabeth as members of the party. Their names are not on the Colonial Department list.


By the Salisbury:

AIGTON.

BRADY, Robert.

BROADBENT, Joseph, and son.

CAMPBELL, Charles Collins. w Mary Harriet. c Laurence 17, Isabella 16, John 14, Frederick 10, William 4,
Edward Andrew 3, Harriet 2, Catherine.

CAMPBELL, Elizabeth Susannah 20 (daughter of Charles Campbell).

COLLETT, James.

FIELD, Thomas.

NORRIS, Thomas.

WYBROW (or WHYBONE), Robert.

WYBROW (or WHYBONE), William.


This agrees with the list of passengers by the Salisbury: as given in the Cape Town Gazette of 15 December 1821. The Colonial Department's list omits Aigton and includes William Cumming. Neither list specifies the names of General Campbell's children who accompanied their parents, and it has been assumed that all the younger children did so.


Main sources for party list


Letters of Major-General Campbell to the Colonial Department (Public Record Office, London, CO 48/42); Letters from the Colonial Department to the Acting Governor (Cape Archives 1/AY 8/5); Inventory of Major-General Campbell's estate (Cape Archives MOOC 8/37 no 47).


from THE SETTLER HANDBOOK by MD Nash page 55 


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